Egypt is an exciting destination, but it also carries a risk of diseases. Before you go, you should check if you need any vaccinations for Egypt.
Below, you can find a list of officially recommended vaccinations for Egypt. Whether or not you will need any of the listed injections for Egypt depends on various details of your trip.
For a personal assessment, book a free telephone consultation with one of our prescribing nurses. Based on your itinerary, medical history and other information you provide, they will create a plan with the vaccinations you will need for Egypt.
There is also a risk of diseases that cannot be prevented with travel vaccinations for Egypt. They are important to be aware of, so you know how to prevent exposure to risk.
The risk of dengue is present in Egypt. As there is no specific area affected, but rather a widespread risk, it is recommended you practice anti-mosquito bite precautions at all parts of your trip.
You may be at risk of various insect and tick-borne diseases in Egypt including crimean-congo haemorrhagic fever, leishmaniasis, hookworms, rift valley fever and west nile virus. These diseases can cause early symptoms such as itchy bumps or skin lesions.
The presence of leishmaniasis, caused by infected tick bites, exists in areas far from cities in Egypt, including Cairo, the Nile River Delta, the Suez Canal Zone, the Sinai Peninsula (primarily northeastern Sinai) and Alexandria.
There is also a risk of hookworms, contracted if walking barefoot in contaminated areas with hookworm eggs, near the Nile River Delta.
In the past, there have been cases of avian influenza, also known as bird flu, in Egypt. It is an illness contracted through contact with fluids or flesh of an infected bird.
Although the geographic information about risk is non-specific, precautions should be applied if you plan to be in contact with wild or farmed birds during your trip.
Symptoms are similar to a season flu such as fever, runny nose or sore eyes. If you experience worsened pneumonia-like symptoms such as chest pain or coughing, consult your doctor for an assessment.
There is a risk of schistosomiasis in Egypt, a disease spread by freshwater snails found in contaminated freshwater.
Symptoms of irritated skin may not always appear, but lack of treatment can result in causing intestinal illnesses.
Cases have been reported in 2012. There is a lowered risk of schistosomiasis, as Egypt has been working on controlling and eliminating the disease. Previous cases were reported in the Nile Delta region, including the areas of Faiyum and the Suez Canal zone, and along the Nile River down to the Aswan Dam area.
It is important to take precautions during your stay in Egypt, as the diseases can be spread in many different ways and the risk can increase at anytime.
There is a risk of dengue fever in Egypt, and you cannot be protected against the disease by vaccination.
Because of this, it is really important that you protect yourself against mosquito bites during your stay in the country, as they are the main cause of the infection.
As you travel in Egypt, you are at risk of contracting insect and tick-borne diseases such as crimean-congo haemorrhagic fever, leishmaniasis, hookworms, rift valley fever and west nile virus.
These diseases are found throughout the country, throughout the year. Avoiding walking through tall grasses during the warmer months, adventure travelling at night, walking barefoot and practicing anti-bite precautions can keep you safe while you visit Egypt.
There have been previous cases of infected birds carrying bird flu in Egypt. To lower the risk of contracting bird flu or other illnesses caused by infected birds, you should practice safety precautions and keep your distance from places with wild birds or bird farms during your travels.
Although elimination initiatives are in due course, the infected snails causing schistosomiasis are present in freshwater, and therefore the recommendation is to avoid freshwater or be very cautious if you plan on travelling to areas with freshwater.
All travellers going to Egypt should take care with food and water hygiene, as there is a risk of typhoid and hepatitis A, which are both transmitted through contaminated food and water.
If you are visiting friends or relatives in Egypt or are a long-stay traveller, you are at increased risk of consuming contaminated food and drinks, and you should therefore be extra careful.
Note these useful contacts and services you may need while in Egypt.
British Embassy Cairo The British Embassy Cairo can provide assistance while you are there. You can reach them by calling + 2 (02) 2791 6000.
Local emergency medical services For emergencies needing medical assistance, dial + 2 123 to be connected to an ambulance.
Medical facilities and practitioners Make sure you are travelling to Egypt with adequate travel health insurance and funds to cover medical costs or repatriation in case you are ill. Although hotel doctors may be convenient, there are reports that they may overcharge. It is recommended to verify your bill and contest excessive charges.
Check if you need vaccinations Speak with one of our prescribing nurses at least six to eight weeks before travel for advice on vaccinations for Egypt
Travel vaccination certificate Travel vaccination certificate requirements for Egypt are subject to updates, so you should check before your departure
Insect protection Bring everything needed to avoid insect bites while in Egypt, including DEET insect repellent
Travel insurance If you become ill in Egypt and did not receive the right vaccinations before you left, your travel insurance can become void. So, make sure to check before you leave
Note useful contact numbers Keep a list of useful contacts to take with you to Egypt in case of an emergency
Anne Marie Major, Independent Nurse Prescriber
June 20, 2019
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