Get a full list of the vaccines you need for Thailand, and learn about the risk of diseases and the best ways to protect yourself while away.

Vaccinations for
Thailand

Thailand is a popular destination for travellers, but the tropical climate makes the risk of mosquito- and water-borne diseases high, particularly during the rainy season from April to December. Quality of medical care available there is generally high and accessible to travellers.


01. What vaccinations do I need for Thailand?

The following list of vaccines are the official recommendations for travel to Thailand. Which vaccines you need will depend on a variety of factors, including your medical history and the details of your trip.

Book an appointment online to get vaccinated at your local pharmacy. If you are unsure as to which vaccinations you require, book a free telephone consultation with one of our medical advisors, who will create a vaccine plan based on your needs.

Most travellers

Diphtheria, tetanus and polio

Anytime before arrival

Some travellers

Rabies

3 weeks before arrival*

Japanese encephalitis

2 weeks before arrival*

Typhoid

2 weeks before arrival

Hepatitis B

4 weeks before arrival*

Hepatitis A

Anytime before arrival

02. Malaria

Is there a risk of malaria in Thailand?

There is currently a very low risk of catching malaria in most of Thailand, including cities popular with tourists, such as Bangkok, Pattaya and Phuket.

Although most areas currently have a low risk of malaria, it is always possible that outbreaks can occur. It is important to always be aware of risks and avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.

Read more

03. Other health risks

There are food and water related risks for all travellers going to Thailand. Travellers diarrhoea, typhoid, hepatitis A and cholera, can all be transmitted through contaminated food and water.

Some diseases which are prevalent in Thailand cannot be prevented with a vaccine, particularly mosquito-borne illnesses which can cause serious complications, and sometimes even be fatal.

COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought most international travel to a standstill, with many borders around the world closed and travel restrictions have been imposed sometimes without notice.

The UK government currently advises against all non-essential international travel. There is currently a 10-day mandatory quarantine for anyone returning to the UK.

When will I be able to travel to Thailand?

It is difficult to know when international travel will be possible. Find out more about when you can travel again.

What are the travel restrictions in Thailand?

There is currently a 14-day quarantine for all travellers arriving in Thailand. A negative test result from within 72 hours of arrival is also mandatory.

Zika

Is there a risk of Zika in Thailand?

Thailand is currently categorised as having a moderate risk of zika virus transmission.

There is no vaccine or medication currently available for prevention against zika, so pregnant women are advised against non-essential travel to Thailand, as there is a link between infection during pregnancy and babies being born with birth defects.

Those who are planning on getting pregnant should also avoid travel to Thailand, or wait for at least 6 months after travelling there.

Read more

Dengue

Is there a risk of dengue in Thailand?

Dengue is widespread in Thailand. The risk is present in both cities and rural areas, with a higher risk in the north eastern part of the country.

Peak transmission of dengue in Thailand typically occurs during the rainy season, from April to December.

Read more

04. Risk areas

Depending on the activities of travellers and length of stay, the following areas can carry the risk of certain diseases. Book a free consultation for specific advice on which diseases you may be at risk of during your travels.

Urban areas

In cities in Thailand popular with tourists such as Bangkok, Phuket and Chiang Mai:

  • there is no risk of catching malaria

  • there is a risk of catching Zika and dengue, which is higher during the rainy season between April and December

  • tuberculosis is endemic in Thailand, and vaccination is sometimes recommended for long-stay travellers, healthcare workers, or those visiting family and friends

Rural and forested areas

There is a very low risk of catching malaria in the forested areas along the border with Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar, as well as in Kanchanaburi. There is also a risk of catching Zika and dengue in rural and forested areas, particularly during the rainy season.

There is a risk of malaria, dengue fever and Zika in Thailand, and you cannot be protected against these diseases by vaccination.

Because of this, it is really important you protect yourself against mosquito bites, as they are the main cause of these infections during your stay in the country.

05. Precautions

Mosquitoes

Some mosquito-borne illnesses cannot be prevented by a vaccine or medication, so it is therefore essential that you take the right precautions to avoid getting bitten during your stay in Thailand.

Read more

Food and water

If you are visiting friends or relatives in Thailand or are a long-stay traveller, you are at increased risk of consuming contaminated food and drinks, and you should therefore be extra careful.

Read more

06. Healthcare in Thailand

Is healthcare in Thailand good?

The standard of healthcare in Thailand is generally good, particularly in Bangkok and other big cities. It is usually not too difficult to find professionals who are English speakers for medical consultations.

Standards can be lower in rural areas.

It is essential that you get health insurance for your trip to Thailand.

UK prescriptions are widely accepted across Thailand, although medication may be considerably more expensive.

Useful contacts

The British Embassy in Thailand The British Embassy in Thailand can assist you if you are in need of urgent help. You can call them on +66(0)2 305 8333.

Local emergency medical services If you need urgent medical assistance while you are in Thailand, you can call the emergency number 1669. The staff speak English and can send an ambulance, if necessary.

Medical facilities and practitioners If you get ill while in Thailand and need to see a doctor, it is important that you choose a reputable medical facility. The British Embassy in Bangkok has prepared a list of medical facilities and practitioners in Thailand, providing a quick overview for anyone who may need it.

07. How to book your travel vaccinations

If you already know which vaccinations you need, you can book a vaccination appointment at your local pharmacy.

If you would like to discuss your specific requirements with a medical advisor, book a free telephone consultation. A Practio nurse will give an individual assessment of your needs and recommend a suitable vaccination programme.

08. Checklist for your trip to Thailand

  • Check if you need vaccinations Book an appointment at your local pharmacy at least 6 to 8 weeks before travel to get vaccinated

  • Mosquito protection Ensure you have everything you need to minimise your chance of mosquito bites while in Thailand, including DEET insect repellent

  • Yellow fever certificate Double-check if the yellow fever certificate is required upon entry in Thailand, as the requirements can change

  • Travel insurance If you become ill in Thailand and did not receive the right vaccinations before you left, your travel insurance can become void. So, make sure to check before you leave

  • Note useful contact numbers Make a list of contacts to take with you to Thailand, as these can be helpful in case of an emergency

Content reviewed by

Fuad Hussain, Pharmacist Prescriber
26 January 2021

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