Vietnam is a popular tourist destination known for its beautiful coastline and tropical climate. There is a risk of mosquito- and water-borne diseases present throughout the country, especially during the rainy season from April to October in the north, and from June to December in the south. Medical care is generally of a high quality throughout the country.
The following list of vaccines are the official recommendations for travel to Vietnam. Which vaccines you need will depend on a variety of factors, including your medical history and the details of your trip.
Book an appointment online to get vaccinated at your local pharmacy. If you are unsure as to which vaccinations you require, book a phone consultation with one of our medical advisors, who will create a vaccine plan based on your needs.
There is a low risk of malaria throughout the year in many parts of Vietnam.
There is a very low risk in large cities. Malaria transmission is higher in rural areas, particularly in the central highland provinces in Binh Phuoc, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Gia Lai and Kon Tum, as well as in the provinces of Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Quang Nam and Quang Tri.
Food and water related illnesses are a risk for all travellers going to Vietnam. There is a risk of transmission of travellers’ diarrhoea, typhoid, hepatitis A and cholera through contaminated food and water.
There are some diseases present in Vietnam which cannot be prevented with a vaccine, particularly mosquito-borne illnesses such as Zika and dengue. These diseases can cause serious complications and sometimes even be fatal.
Can I travel to Vietnam?
The COVID-19 pandemic means that there are many travel restrictions in place all over the world. Many borders are closed to travellers and restrictions can be put in place sometimes without prior notice.
The UK government currently advises against all non-essential international travel. There is a 10-day mandatory quarantine for anyone returning to the UK.
When will I be able to travel to Vietnam?
It is difficult to know when international travel will be possible. Find out more about when you can travel again.
What are the travel restrictions in Vietnam?
Entry to Vietnam is currently prohibited for all non-nationals. There is a 21-day hotel quarantine for those arriving in Vietnam. You must test negative 3 times in order to be released from quarantine.
Be sure that you:
Check the official recommendations for UK travellers for the most up-to-date information
Make sure you are aware of the restrictions in force in Vietnam
Find out whether you will be required to quarantine on your return to the UK
Is there a risk of Zika in Vietnam?
There has been recorded transmission of Zika in Vietnam, particularly in coastal areas and regions below 2,000 metres.
There is no vaccine or medication currently available for prevention against Zika. Pregnant women should consider waiting until after pregnancy to travel to Vietnam, as there is a link between infection during pregnancy and babies being born with birth defects.
Women who are planning on getting pregnant are also advised against travel to Vietnam, and should wait for at least 6 months after returning.
Is there a risk of dengue in Vietnam?
There is a risk of dengue in all of Vietnam. The risk of dengue is present in the Khanh Hoa province, particularly in the Red River and Mekong Deltas as well as the coastal regions and provincial capitals of central Vietnam.
The risk is present all year round, however it is at its highest during the rainy season from April to October in the north and from June to December in the south.
Depending on the activities of travellers and length of stay, the following areas can carry the risk of certain diseases. Book a free consultation for specific advice on which diseases you may be at risk of during your travels.
There is a risk of dengue everywhere in Vietnam, particularly in urban areas. It is important to avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes, especially during the rainy season from April to October in the north, and from June to December in the south. There is no malaria present in Ho Chi Minh city or Hanoi.
There is a risk of dengue in the north of Vietnam, particularly around the Red River and Mekong Deltas. Zika is present, particularly in low-lying coastal regions. There is no risk of malaria in the coastal areas north of Da Nang, or the Red River Delta (including Ha Long Bay and the historical city of Hue), although there can be a low risk in the rural inland areas.
There is a low risk of malaria in the rural provinces of southern Vietnam, particularly Tay Ninh, Lam Dong, Dak Lak, Gia Lai, and Kon Tum. The risk of transmission is higher during the rainy season from June to December. Zika is present, particularly in coastal areas and other regions below 2,000 metres.
There is no malaria on Phu Quoc island. There is a risk of Zika and dengue transmission.
Some mosquito-borne illnesses cannot be prevented by a vaccine or medication, so it is therefore essential that you take the right precautions to avoid getting bitten during your stay in Vietnam.
If you are visiting friends or relatives in Vietnam or are a long-stay traveller, you are at increased risk of consuming contaminated food and drinks, and you should therefore be extra careful.
Quality of private healthcare in big cities is of an excellent standard, particularly Ho Chi Minh and Hanoi.
Healthcare in other areas is usually of a lower quality and can be difficult to access in rural areas.
It is essential that you get health insurance for your trip to Vietnam.
British Consulate General Ho Chi Minh City The British Consulate can assist visitors throughout Vietnam at +84 (0)28 3825 1380.
British Embassy Hanoi If you are in Hanoi and need urgent help, the British Embassy can assist you. You can call them on +84 (0)24 3936 0500.
Local emergency medical services For emergencies needing medical assistance, dial +84 115.
Medical facilities and practitioners In the case that you need medical attention while in Vietnam, it is important to have the relevant information readily available to find reputable medical help quickly. The British Embassy Hanoi has prepared a list of medical facilities and practitioners in Vietnam.
If you already know which vaccinations you need, you can book a vaccination appointment at your local pharmacy.
If you would like to discuss your specific requirements with a medical advisor, book a free telephone consultation. A Practio nurse will give an individual assessment of your needs and recommend a suitable vaccination programme.
Check if you need vaccinations Book an appointment at your local pharmacy at least 6 to 8 weeks before travel to get vaccinated
Mosquito protection Ensure you have everything you need to minimise your chance of mosquito bites while in Vietnam, including DEET insect repellent
Altitude illness With high altitude areas, there is a risk of altitude sickness. Ascend gradually with periods of adaptation
Travel insurance If you become ill in Vietnam and did not receive the right vaccinations before you left, your travel insurance can become void. So, make sure to check before you leave
Note useful contact numbers List important contacts to take with you in case of an emergency in Vietnam
Fuad Hussain, Pharmacist Prescriber
18 February 2021
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